Xizhou Chenggong Hostel 溪州成功旅社

Oblique shot of the Xizhou Chenggong Hostel 溪州成功旅社
An oblique shot of the historic Chenggong Hostel in Xizhou, originally built in 1921.

During a recent visit to Xizhou, a small rural township in southern Changhua, I made a brief stop to check out the historic Chénggōng Hostel 成功旅社. I had no idea what to expect, having learned of its existence while browsing Google Maps in search of points of interest, and was pleasantly surprised by what I found there. It is privately owned and operated but they’ve gone to great lengths to preserve the building, transforming it into a tourist attraction and community space. The ground floor is home to a shop showcasing local products and a dual-purpose agricultural library and event space. Upstairs is something of a museum, lightly furnished with rickety beds and tatami mats. The floorboards creak and there is a mustiness about the place that makes it feel genuinely old. It wasn’t difficult to imagine what it might have been like half a century ago in the midst of the sugar boom.

The lovingly preserved Xizhou Chenggong Hostel 溪州成功旅
The lovingly preserved Chenggong Hostel was formerly a hospital. The columns out front date back to 1921 whereas the second floor is an addition made decades later.

Earlier that same day I stopped in Beidou to check out several historic buildings from the Japanese colonial era. Municipal governments all over Taiwan have been struggling to figure out what to do with the many Japanese-style residences often found near railway and police stations, government buildings, prisons, and schools across the country. Those that are designated as heritage properties are subject to a variety of restoration strategies. One approach I keep encountering involves completely rebuilding an old house almost from scratch. The end product of such a restoration effort is a technical feat that occasionally involves experts in traditional wooden construction methods imported from Japan (as was the case with at least one of the places I saw that day). While I am impressed at the effort I can’t help but feel somewhat saddened as the building no longer has any sense of history. It’s like stepping onto a film set when slipping off your shoes and setting foot into these immaculate new buildings made to look a hundred years old.

Upstairs at the Chenggong Hostel in Xizhou
Upstairs at the Chenggong Hostel. The space retains a sense of age and history.

Chenggong Hostel offers a fine contrast to the more ersatz methods often favoured by government in Taiwan. There is nothing clean or overly sanitized about it; one has the sense that if these walls could speak they’d have incredible tales to tell. The hostel is a commercial operation by necessity—but one with obvious pride in its history and a strong connection to the local community. From what I gather the building was more or less abandoned for many years prior to a warmly-received photo exhibition that took place in 2011—though Taiwanese cinephiles may be interested to learn that the hostel was featured in Chang Chi-Yung’s Lament of the Sand River 沙河悲歌, released in 2000. Following the 2011 exhibition a modest restoration effort was undertaken and the former hostel soon reopened in its present form—as an eclectic gift shop, agricultural library, community center, museum, and cafe.

One of the old rooms at the Chenggong Hostel in Xizhou
Inside one of the old rooms at the Chenggong Hostel.
Spare furnishings at the Chenggong Hotel
Spare furnishings adorn this inside room.
Another look at the same room from a different angle
The same small room from the entrance.
Intricate woodwork on a round window in the Chenggong Hostel
Intricate woodwork on an internal window.
The street below is visible through cracks in the floorboards
The street below is visible through the floorboards.
A secret door in the Chenggong Hostel
This hidden door opens onto a small closet.
Room number 7 at the Chenggong Hostel
Room number 7.
Tatami mats in the Chenggong Hostel
Tatami mats in the room with the hidden door, barely discernible on the far wall.

Xizhou saw its fortunes rise and fall with the sugar industry, a story I briefly alluded to in a previous posst about the now-abandoned Xizhou Theater. The sugar factory opened on the western edge of town in 1909, transforming this quiet agricultural village into a bustling center of trade and activity. Chenggong Hostel was originally built in 1921 as the low-slung, one-story Yǎngzhēn Hospital 養真醫院 but was soon sold and turned into a general store. The building again changed hands and became the Dàlín Hostel 大林旅社 sometime in the midst of the sugar boom. It is probably around this time that the second floor was built onto the original Japanese colonial era structure. Chén Wànchéng 陳萬成, father of current owner Chén Yìshùn 陳義順, purchased the building in 1956 and changed its name to Chenggong. Business was going so well that in 1959 he built an additional four-story structure to accommodate more guests next door. The sugar factory closed in the early 1970s and Xizhou slipped into decline. Chenggong Hostel shut down in two stages: the old Japanese colonial era structure closed in 1980 and the more modern building followed in 1995.

A brighter room at the Chenggong Hostel
A brighter room at the Chenggong Hostel.
An old rotary phone at the Chenggong Hostel
An old rotary phone.
Room keys at the Chenggong Hostel
Room keys on the board.
Telling time at the Chenggong Hostel
Telling time the old-fashioned way.
The ground floor gift store at the Chenggong Hostel
The gift shop and local product showcase on the ground floor. This room is actually one of the oldest in the building, dating back to 1921. Apparently the green cross behind the clock dates back to when it was a hospital—or I may misunderstood what was being said.

One of the staff brought me on a short tour (in Chinese, of course), and pointed out several features of the hostel’s construction. Seeing as how the hostel was built before widespread use of air conditioning technology all of the rooms are open to the hallway at some point or another for ventilation. One room has a hidden door leading to a small storage space, another has a trap door leading to the roof. There seemed to be some speculation that these were used to hide guests on the run from the authorities but I may have misinterpreted what I heard. Overall I enjoyed spending about half an hour wandering around the old hostel and inspecting the vintage goods that had been gathered there.

The slightly more modern building behind the Chenggong Hostel
A glance at the slightly more modern building behind the old Japanese colonial era hostel. If I understood correctly this building is still in use as private residences, perhaps for the owner’s extended family.

You will find much more about the Chenggong Hostel in the Taiwanese blogosphere, for instance here, here, and here.


  1. Oh, and I know I’ve said this before, and you said you weren’t really bothered but you should get paid for this. That’s the only reason I’m doing New Lens – they pay a paltry amount but as I’m going to write this stuff anyway, why not get something for it? It’s also encouraged me to write more and to get out there and dig up stories. I know you have other stuff you’re focussed on but New Lens would lap this up. Are they that rubbish that you don’t want to associated with them? ;)

    1. I appreciate the support, James. I suppose I wouldn’t mind cross-posting an article somewhere… but I enjoy being able to update my posts and present images exactly how I like. Not sure if I’d get paid enough to feel good about giving those things up! But who knows, maybe I’ll get around to experimenting with that some day…

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